On the eve of his assassination, King delivered an improvised masterpiece, ‘I’ve been to the Mountaintop’. That's right Martin Luther King Jr, one of the most inspirational speakers in history, fighting for equality for all. economic reforms. 42:57. And we will talk in terms of things we’ve done. But it really doesn't matter with me now, because I've been to the mountaintop. Martin Luther King Jr was one of the most powerful and influential orators of the 20th century... **MLK's speech "I've been to the Mountaintop": ....what makes this speech powerful for you, 40 years after his death? The audience at Martin Luther King’s speech “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” was formed by all those gathered at the Mason Temple in Memphis, Tennessee, during the Memphis sanitation strike. The first paragraph of this passage, consists of two long and complex sentences. King specifically creates his exigence by relaying to the audience that the sole purpose of his message is to motivate people to act in a calm manner and stop to create change in the altered world (I’ve Been to The Mountain Top). But I'm not concerned about that now. Listening to these prophetic words today, one might easily assume that he smelled death in his purview. King was exhausted, had a sore throat, and was feeling ill. With a thunderstorm raging that was anticipated to hold down the turnout, he sent his best friend and chief lieutenant, the Rev. And He's allowed me to go up to the mountain. Jacqueline Shearer and I used this footage in making “The Promised Land,” the 10th episode of “Eyes on the Prize” — a film that is ultimately about loss. "I've Been to the Mountaintop" is the popular name of the last speech delivered by Martin Luther King Jr. King spoke on April 3, 1968, at the Mason Temple (Church of God in Christ Headquarters) in Memphis, Tennessee.On the following day, King was assassinated. I just want to do God's will. He spoke for more than 40 minutes, but only his concluding lines, about looking off into a promised land he might not reach, are widely remembered. Some of Ray’s prison friends said later that King’s appearances on television would send Ray into a rage. This means that the speaker appeals to trust and authority, emotions, and logic to construct a more compelling case in favor of the protests in Memphis and the Civil Rights Movement. But it really doesn't matter with me now, because I've been to the mountaintop. In what follows, we will look at some of the most-used rhetorical devices in “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop”, giving you examples from the speech. Martin Luther King uses a series of rhetorical devices – language tools designed to make his speech sound more appealing and make his ideas more memorable. I've Been To The Mountaintop. When he finished speaking, King returned to his seat next to civil rights leader Benjamin Hooks, who said he saw tears rolling down King’s cheeks. Colbert I. Finally, as he wound to a close, his speech became prophetic: We’ve got some difficult days ahead. He called for unity, stressing the power it provided. Like anybody, I would like to live a long life. If he were alive today, his exact words might differ, but the call for attention to our economic disparity could be the same. In what follows, we will look at some of the most-used rhetorical devices in “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop”, giving you examples from the speech. Thank you very kindly, my friends. In the speech, King begins by addressing Ralph Abernathy, who was also a clergyman … Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was born today in 1929. Figure 1. In what follows, we will examine the topic of the speech – the Memphis sanitation strike and the achievements of the Civil Rights Movement—and look at the way the speaker discusses these topics by linking them to themes like violence, religion, and unity. He then located the Memphis sanitation strike within the long struggle for human freedom and the battle for economic justice, evoking the New Testament parable of the Good Samaritan to stress the need for selfless involvement. March on Washington in 1963. On April 3, 1968, at Mason Temple Church of God in Christ, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered the last speech of his life. Remembering MLK's Prophetic 'Mountaintop' Speech On April 3, 1968, the Rev. He was in Memphis, Tennessee for the Memphis Sanitation Strike.The sanitation (garbage) workers in Memphis were on strike because they got paid very little, and their work was dangerous. If subheadings are allowed, follow all instructions, and do your authors claim centrality. He was addressing the issues that our students’ families are still facing today: low … Once there, he became obsessed with King, circling his home on a map, along with the Ebenezer Baptist Church (where King was co-pastor with his father) and the SCLC headquarters. He had begun talking about solutions to poverty and planning for a Poor People’s March on Washington. Like anybody, I would like to live a long life. (April 3, 1963) Kings goal of this speech was to energize his listeners for the strike. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this "I've Been to the Mountaintop" Speech study guide. And I don't mind. While there was audio of the entire Mountaintop speech, we were surprised that our initial search turned up just a few minutes of film, mostly the speech’s conclusion. Intention “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” was delivered by Dr. Martin Luther King in the context of the Memphis sanitation strike, which is also the main topic of the speech. I may not get there with you. Martin Luther King, Jr., delivered what would be his final oration, “I’ve Been to the. Longevity has its place. King was no stranger to death threats, but they had increased since he emphasized his opposition to the Vietnam War. “One day, we will have to stand before the God of history. “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop”: A Rhetorical Analysis of Martin Luther King, Jr.’s Monumental Speech By April 3, 1968, Martin Luther King, Jr. had a reputation among many that preceded him everywhere: fantastic speaker, spiritual and Godly man, and an amazing civil rights activist. Martin Luther King’s speech “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” combines all three modes of persuasion: ethos, pathos, and logos. Allusion means making an indirect reference to a person, event, or literature that helps with the purpose of the speech. Many may be familiar with the last few minutes of his famous final speech given on April 3rd, 1968, but you can listen to the speech in its entirety below. I've Been to the Mountaintop Presesnted By: Hiba Shaikh, Neha Farhan, Purva Savalia, Nadya Hernandez Rhetorical Situation Rhetorical Situation Author AUTHOR Martin Luther King Jr. was a prominent activist and spokesperson for the civil rights movement between 1955 and 1968. This essay forwards epic form as a way to better understand King's last speech,“I've Been to the Mountaintop”It demonstrates the way King uses epic frames to resonate with American and Christian epic narratives and to constitute the civil The themes the speaker relates to the contextual topic are unity, economic boycotts, and nonviolent protests, but also progres… I may not get there with you. Mountaintop,” to 1300 public sanitation workers on strike for improved working conditions and. Rhetorical Analysis: I’ve Been to the Mountaintop Martin Luther King, Jr. was the predominant leader of the Civil Rights Movement to end racial discrimination and segregation in the latter half of the twentieth century. The disturbance led to negative media coverage of both the strike and King’s planned march in Washington. A rabid consumer of news, he was reportedly greatly disappointed that he had not landed on the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Most Wanted list. "I've Been To The Mountaintop", by Martin Luther King Jr.Outside Sources: In the biography of Martin Luther King Jr, by The Official Website of the Nobel Peace Prize, his life and accomplishments are outlined. Martin Luther King uses a series of rhetorical devices – language tools designed to make his speech sound more appealing and make his ideas more memorable. In language reminiscent of both an encouraging leader and masterful strategist, Dr. King secures in the hearts and the minds of the listeners the power of the moment. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., I’ve Been to the Mountaintop is a prophetic speech inasmuch as he was encouraging the audience with what he envisioned the results of the Civil Rights struggle. Longevity has its place. As “Eric Starvo Galt,” he rented lodging, obtained a driver’s license, visited a doctor, took dancing lessons, and attended bartending school. The ending of "I've Been to the Mountaintop" is so rousing and so firmly linked to Dr. King's assassination that the feelings it evokes can sometimes overpower the rest of the speech. On the stormy Dr. King uses a series of auxesis in this speech starting with an arrangement of imagined conversations with God in which he took a prophetic travel through … First, Dr. King talks bout how human freedom has been a long time coming, but the world has finally reached the point where people everywhere are demanding that their rights be respected. Martin Luther King (MLK) begins his speech “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” by thanking the audience and Ralph Abernathy for introducing him. On April 23, 1967, in the same month King gave his speech at Riverside Church, the man who would become his assassin, James Earl Ray, escaped from the maximum-security Missouri State Penitentiary by hiding beneath the false bottom of a prison bakery bread box. It is very important to notice the style, imagery and structure he uses throughout the speech in particular the way he ends his speech, by leaving the audience at the climax. They carried placards with the simple message “I Am a Man.”. At the event, King spoke for more than 40 minutes, almost completely off the cuff, gathering energy and energizing his audience as he went, ultimately delivering one of his most emotionally soaring and rhetorically brilliant speeches. Longevity has its place. As a teen, he did very well in school and graduated from high school at age 15. I just want to do God's will. That if the spirit was not being fulfilled, than freedom was an illusion. 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